A dry shampoo is a viable option if you are short on time and need to freshen the odor and look of your hair. But, have you ever considered the risks of using dry shampoo? The misuse of dry shampoo can cause scalp conditions such as dandruff, inflammation, and the likelihood of hair loss. Learn about the harmful effects of dry shampoo and how to use this hair product in moderation to balance your lifestyle while maintaining healthy hair.
Dry shampoo is an alcohol or starch-based spray that absorbs excess oils in the hair to deliver a fresh appearance.
Dry shampoo is beneficial if you are short on time and also for certain hair types that cannot be washed daily.
Chronic use of dry shampoo can lead to poor scalp health involving conditions such as dandruff, folliculitis, and potentially hair loss.
Alternatives to dry shampoo include using clean plant-based ingredients.
What is a dry shampoo?
Dry shampoo is an alcohol or starch-based spray that helps to control the excess greasiness in hair without water — making your hair look and feel cleaner. It also adds volume to your hair, making it useful when styling.
Dry shampoos are available in the form of sprays or tinted powders. They can be specific to shape, color, and hair texture. Another benefit of dry shampoo is its convenience and portability. It is easy to carry in your bag and can be used on the go, making it an excellent option for travel or busy individuals.
Risks of a dry shampoo
Dry shampoo is generally tolerable for all hair types. With any cosmetic product, it is vital to use it wisely and in moderation. Dry shampoo can serve as a quick fix for hair care between washes. However, educating yourself on the potential risks that can build up with the overuse of dry shampoo can help you design a suitable routine to keep your hair healthy.
A shampoo that requires water is the best way to clean the hair and scalp thoroughly. Regular shampoos include detergents containing oil-attracting and water-attracting molecules. Both components allow the removal of sebum while rinsing with water. Dry shampoo only absorbs oils within the hair to make it less noticeable. Prolonged use can build up residue, dirt, and bacteria leading to skin conditions such as clogged hair follicles, dandruff, rashes, and an itchy scalp.
Research highlights that oil secretions of the scalp accumulate three days post-shampoo. In addition, flaking can occur within 1 to 2 weeks in unwashed hair. Remember that hair also comes in contact with environmental debris and pollution, and actively participating in exercise increases sebum production. Dry shampoo can mask the appearance of unclean hair but only temporarily.
Impact on hair growth and hair loss
An unhealthy scalp environment can also impact hair growth. Studies argue that dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis can affect hair growth. These inflammatory ailments can impede hair growth if they persist for an extended period. While research does not directly link dry shampoos as a causative factor in hair loss, studies support the relationship between the effects of a stressed scalp as a contributing factor for hair loss.
Furthermore, dry shampoos contain ingredients that can impact the hair growth cycle. A study investigated the elements of various dry shampoos in major retail stores. A few allergens from the survey were fragrance and octinoxate. Both perfume and octinoxate contain parabens — chemicals used as preservatives in cosmetics. Parabens can interfere with estrogen and thyroid hormones that regulate hair growth.
How to use dry shampoo
Understandably, every person has a routine to clean their hair. How often one should wash their hair is based on various factors such as:
- Hair length
- Hair type
Although dry shampoo is not the primary method for cleaning hair, it is beneficial to have it in hand when you don't have time for a complete hair wash. Proper use of dry shampoo is also essential to avoid accumulating excessive product. Here are a few effective reminders when using dry shampoo:
- Avoid using too much product. Make sure to follow the manufacturer's instructions. Spray only on oily parts of the hair. It is good to spray a small amount to avoid large dry patches. Keep a distance of 6 inches from your roots when applying the shampoo.
- Massage product into hair. After spraying, let the product sit for a few minutes to settle. Follow with massaging and brushing the hair to even out the product within the hair and scalp. A blow dryer can also help remove any white residue you notice after spraying. If the ends of your hair feel too dry, add a pea-size amount of leave-in conditioner to smooth out the hair strands.
- Use in moderation. Use can vary per individual according to hair type. A rule of thumb would be to use dry shampoo once to twice a week. If you have oily hair, you may use it up to three times a week, but it would be best to have a complete hair wash. Studies indicate that oil production accumulates three days after using regular shampoo.
Other alternatives for hair care
If you want to keep your hair looking fresh, consider the following alternatives to conventional dry shampoos:
- Look for clean, non-aerosol dry shampoos that contain fragrance from natural ingredients such as plant starches and clay minerals.
- Consider washing your hair more frequently, especially if you struggle with oily hair.
- Schedule your hair wash days according to your lifestyle. For example, if you participate in exercise, manage your hair washes around the time you work out.
Dry shampoo can be a suitable solution for those on the go. It should be considered a supplement for traditional shampoo, not a replacement. Overuse can lead to buildup, irritation, and even damage to the hair and scalp. It is a friendly reminder that hair care also involves skin care. Caring for your hair and scalp is essential for maintaining healthy and beautiful locks.
- Indian Journal of Dermatology. Shampoo and conditioners: what a dermatologist should know?
- International Journal of Trichology. Scalp condition impacts hair growth and retention via oxidative stress.
- Australasian Journal of Dermatology. Is seborrheic dermatitis associated with a diffuse, low-grade folliculitis and progressive cicatricial alopecia?
- American Contact Dermatitis Society. Presence of contact allergens in dry shampoo products.
- Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology. Parabens and their effects on the endocrine system.