To address skin tightness concerns, many patients undergo plastic surgery procedures. However, there are non-surgical approaches that can help to tighten the skin or to prevent further loosening.
Skin loosening is a natural part of aging that occurs because of the loss of proteins called collagen and elastin.
There are several non-surgical options that can help to tighten the skin or delay loosening.
Sun is the biggest accelerator of skin loosening, so avoiding the sun and wearing SPF are likely to be the most effective ways to slow the loosening process.
Minimally invasive technologies like lasers and fillers can also be used to combat skin loosening.
Let's look into some of these methods, and how they can work for you.
Why does skin loosen?
As skin ages, it loses its laxity and volume because of the progressive loss of two proteins – collagen and elastin. Collagen supports the skin and helps to provide its structure, while elastin allows the skin to stretch. These proteins are critical for making skin look healthy, strong, and tight.
Several factors lead to the degradation of collagen and elastin. The biggest culprit is the sun, with both UVA and UVB radiation negatively influencing these proteins. Some people’s genetics also predispose them to be more likely to lose collagen and elastin faster or at a younger age. For instance, people with fairer skin, who have less melanin, are more likely to show signs of aging faster.
Non-surgical skin tightening options
Regardless of your genetics or your age, there are some non-surgical options that can help you actively tighten your skin—or at least prevent further loosening.
Because the sun has a significant negative impact on skin aging – and specifically, in accelerating the degradation of collagen and elastin, wearing SPF is one of the best ways to deal with loosening skin. It can dramatically slow the process, keeping your skin tighter over a longer period of time.
Use ultrasound or radio frequency skin tightening
The production of collagen and elastin can be stimulated with radio waves or with ultrasound. Having these waves applied in targeted areas heats layers under the skin and eventually leads to tightening. Healthcare providers can help you navigate the specific technology options to choose what is most appropriate for you.
Get a laser treatment
Like ultrasound and radio frequency, certain lasers can be used to stimulate collagen production. For skin loosening that occurs primarily because of loss of collagen, these lasers may be beneficial. However, while there is consensus that lasers are beneficial for improving skin in several contexts, there is controversy around whether lasers are specifically helpful for skin tightening.
Undergo micro needling
Microneedling is another way to stimulate the production of collagen. During micro needling, tiny needles are used to puncture the skin, and the resulting injury to the skin signals to the body that more collagen is needed to replace the damaged skin. Microneedling has been shown to tighten the skin over time, especially when combined with radio frequency. However, it can cause hyperpigmentation in people with darker skin, so checking with experts on whether you are a good candidate for this approach to skin tightening is important.
Have fillers injected
Hyaluronic acid fillers can more directly replace lost collagen while also helping to reverse sagging. These fillers are good at making the skin look tighter when skin loosening results from weight loss in the face.
Avoid skin-firming creams and lotions
There are countless products on the market promising to produce the types of effects that you could get from surgical procedures like face lifts. These claims tend to be unfounded, and the users of these products are usually disappointed. Nonetheless, the formulation for these creams is based on the science of skin loosening and sometimes produces slight benefits.
The specific advantages of each of these non-surgical options for skin tightening vary. Working with a skin expert is likely the best way to identify how to achieve your specific skin-related goals.
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- The Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology. Safety and effectiveness of an automated microneedling device in improving the signs of aging skin.
- The Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery. Injectable fillers for facial rejuvenation: a review.