Lately, there has been a lot of buzz around CBD and its potential benefits for skincare. CBD, short for cannabidiol, is an active ingredient from a hemp plant that is claimed to offer a range of benefits for the skin. Beauty products and treatments for skin disorders may benefit from their anti-inflammatory properties.
CBD helps to suppress molecules in the body that promote inflammation.
The anti-inflammatory properties of CBD are beneficial to treat individuals with inflammatory skin conditions such as psoriasis and dermatitis.
Research studies must determine appropriate dosing, tolerance, and safety for long-term CBD use.
Although CBD is a natural ingredient, it can also cause potential side effects.
This article will explore how CBD works on the skin and if current research supports the effectiveness of its use.
What is CBD?
CBD stands for cannabidiol, an ingredient that derives from the cannabis plant. CBD is nontoxic, so it does not produce the mind-altering effects of THC. There are three types of cannabinoids:
- Endocannabinoids. Endocannabinoids are produced naturally in the human body.
- Phytocannabinoids. Phytocannabinoids are compounds that come from the hemp plant, Cannabis sativa. There are over 100 compounds, but the most common are THC and CBD.
- Synthetic. Synthetic cannabinoids are compounds developed in laboratories.
CBD and skin health
CBD produces its effects through a process known as the endocannabinoid system (ECS). The ECS helps maintain the skin's homeostasis and barrier function. The system contains receptors known as CB1 and CB2 that help break down and synthesize endocannabinoids.
The skin contains both CB1 and CB2 receptors. CBD suppresses the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, which are molecules that promote inflammation. like dermatitis and psoriasis involves topical steroids to manage symptoms. However, these conditions are chronic, and prolonged use of steroids can cause thinning of the skin, as well as depigmentation. The effects of CBD spark interest in substituting steroid topicals for CBD to treat these chronic diseases.
As interest is on the rise for CBD, there have been further investigations on the use of CBD in oral and inhaled administration. More research on the use of topical applications is needed. Nevertheless, you'll find small clinical studies that suggest the effectiveness of CBD in various skin conditions and cosmetic products.
CBD treatment for skin disorders
In a small study involving 20 participants with either dermatitis or psoriasis, they were to apply CBD oil twice daily to lesioned skin areas for three months. The participants noted an increase in hydration, elasticity, and reduction of blemishes. In addition, participants tolerated the product well without documentation of irritation or adverse effects.
Another study included 16 participants with dermatitis applying CBD ointment as needed for two weeks. There was an improvement in their symptoms, such as itching, dryness, and scaling. Participants also rated the product's efficacy by 60%. There were no reports of side effects from the subjects.
CBD aids cosmetic products
Retinol is a known skincare product that reduces fine lines and wrinkles. However, it can cause irritating effects such as redness, burning, dryness, and peeling. One study evaluated the use of retinol with a water-soluble CBD.
The purpose of CBD is to counteract retinol irritation and improve the anti-aging effects. After using a mild cleanser, the participants applied two pumps of the given product to their entire faces in the evening before bedtime. The treatment lasted six weeks, and there was an improvement in the visibility of pores, roughness, wrinkles, and pigmentation within their results.
Although the results of these studies are optimistic, each study emphasizes the need for further and substantial research on CBD topical therapy. Studies should address CBD's appropriate dose, tolerance, and safety for long-term use.
Side effects of CBD
Although CBD is a natural treatment method, there are side effects to consider. Side effects of CBD may include the following symptoms.
- Dry mouth
- Loss of appetite
Currently, the FDA advises against using CBD while pregnant or breastfeeding. Many questions still need to be addressed on how CBD can potentially harm both mother and baby, even in the application as a topical form.
How to apply CBD on the skin
If you purchase a skincare product that contains CBD in the ingredients, you can discuss it with your dermatologist before use. Some products may come in many formulations, such as creams, lotions, and oils. Apply the product as directed in the manufacturer's instructions and only on the areas of the skin that require treatment. Be mindful of any signs of skin irritation or side effects of CBD.
CBD has shown great potential in skincare due to its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. It has effectively treated skin diseases through small case studies. Furthermore, it can help reduce the signs of aging, making skin look more youthful and radiant. However, more research is needed to understand its benefits and potential side effects fully. As with any skincare product, it is essential to consult with a dermatologist before incorporating CBD into your routine.
- JID Innovations. Cannabinoids for the treatment of dermatologic conditions.
- Aesthetic Surgery Journal. A single-center study evaluating the effects of a novel retinol and cannabidiol combination topical on facial skin.
- Journal of Drugs in Dermatology. An observational study of the application of a topical cannabinoid gel on sensitive dry skin.
- FDA. What you should know about using cannabis, including CBD, when pregnant or breastfeeding.