While medical mushrooms have gained attention for their potential therapeutic benefits, mixing them with alcohol or other bioactive compounds can lead to amplified intoxication, altered psychedelic experiences, and increased health risks. Here we will dive into the health effects, interaction mechanisms, and potential risks associated with combining alcohol and medical mushrooms.
Mushrooms are known for their therapeutic effects that can promote overall health and well-being, but their effects may differ completely due to the types of mushroom.
Certain mushrooms have a significant role as natural sources of psychedelics, which are substances capable of inducing profound alterations in perception, cognition, and consciousness.
Excessive intake or misuse of psychedelics can cause problems in many ways, including intense anxiety, panic attacks or paranoia, even life-threatening.
Mixing these mushrooms with alcohol can be a part of misusage and it may exacerbate the negative health effects such as severe psychological distress, severe dehydration, or life-threatening effects.
Therapeutic effects of mushrooms
Medicinal mushrooms offer a range of therapeutic effects that can support overall health and well-being. One of the key benefits is their ability to enhance and modulate the immune system. These mushrooms may contain bioactive compounds that primarily help regulate immune function. With this regulation, they can have anti-cancer, anti-aging, antiviral and antibacterial, and anti-fatigue effects.
But mushrooms have an enormous number of types, which include different types of bioactive compounds. For example, some mushrooms play a significant role as a natural source of psychedelics, which are substances that can cause significant changes in perception, cognition, and consciousness. Among the psychedelics found in mushrooms, psilocybin is a notable compound. Due to their psilocybin content, these mushrooms have become commonly known as "shrooms."
Sensory and psychological effects
The substances found in shrooms can produce a range of sensory and psychological effects, including hallucinations, distortions of time and space, and changes in thought patterns and emotions.
They generally work by interacting with specific receptors in the brain, predominantly serotonin receptors, leading to altered neurotransmitter activity and changes in neural connectivity. The effects of psychedelics are highly subjective and can vary widely among individuals, depending on factors such as dosage, set (mindset), and setting (environment).
Furthermore, excessive intake or misuse of psychedelics may lead to psychological distress, including intense anxiety, panic attacks, or paranoia. Furthermore, psychedelics may exacerbate pre-existing mental health conditions and induce physical discomforts, such as increased heart rate, blood pressure, and gastrointestinal distress.
In the Psilocybin factsheet of the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration, it is stated that the effects of overdose include:
- Longer, more intense hallucination episodes
- Mortality risk
In the same factsheet, psilocybin is classified as a Schedule I substance according to the Controlled Substances Act. This means that it is considered to have a high risk of being misused, has no recognized medical use for treatment in the United States, and is not deemed safe for use under medical supervision.
Physiological effects of alcohol
When alcohol is consumed in moderate amounts, it can have certain physiological effects on the body. Moderate alcohol intake is typically defined as one drink per day for women and up to two drinks per day for men. It can produce feelings of relaxation, euphoria, and decreased inhibitions.
It may contribute to a sense of social bonding and can temporarily improve mood. Also, alcohol has vasodilatory effects, meaning it widens the blood vessels, leading to increased blood flow. This can result in a warm sensation and flushed skin.
Excess alcohol consumption
Excessive alcohol intake, also known as heavy drinking or binge drinking, can have significantly different physiological effects on the body.
Excessive alcohol intake can lead to impaired coordination, slowed reaction times, and reduced motor skills. This can increase the risk of accidents, falls, and injuries. Heavy alcohol consumption over a prolonged period can cause significant damage to the liver.
Alcohol is a diuretic, increasing urine production and contributing to dehydration. Excessive alcohol intake can disrupt the body's fluid balance and lead to electrolyte imbalances, which can cause symptoms such as dizziness, fatigue, and muscle weakness.
Heavy alcohol consumption has been associated with an increased risk of developing cardiovascular diseases, including high blood pressure, heart failure, and irregular heart rhythms.
Interaction between alcohol and mushrooms
The combined use of mushrooms and alcohol deserve attention for risks and harmful effects.
When alcohol and medical mushrooms are consumed together, several effects can arise, each with potential implications for the user. One notable effect is amplified intoxication. Both alcohol and psilocybin mushrooms can impair cognitive function and coordination on their own, but when combined, they can intensify these effects, leading to increased confusion, disorientation, and impaired judgment. This heightened intoxication can result in accidents or injuries.
Furthermore, alcohol can alter the psychedelic experience induced by psilocybin mushrooms. It may dampen or distort the effects of psilocybin, making it difficult to predict how the combination will affect an individual. This can lead to an altered state of consciousness that may be confusing or unsettling.
Additionally, mixing alcohol and medical mushrooms can increase vulnerability to negative psychological experiences. Anxiety, paranoia, and panic attacks may become more pronounced when both substances are present in the body. These heightened psychological effects can be distressing and overwhelming.
Risks of mixing alcohol and psychedelic mushrooms
The risks associated with combining alcohol and psychedelic mushrooms are numerous and should not be taken lightly. One significant risk is increased intoxication, which can impair judgment and increase the likelihood of accidents or dangerous situations.
Furthermore, the combination can lead to severe psychological distress, particularly for individuals who are already prone to mental health issues.
Gastrointestinal discomfort, including nausea and vomiting, is another potential risk. Both alcohol and psilocybin mushrooms can cause these side effects individually, and combining them can exacerbate these symptoms. Dehydration can also become a concern, and severe dehydration itself has important physiological consequences such as:
- Decrease in blood volume and blood pressure
- Impaired organ function
- Impaired body temperature regulation
- Disrupted electrolyte balance
- Impaired cognitive function
While psilocybin mushrooms are not known to cause fatal overdoses on their own, combining them with alcohol can increase the risk of adverse reactions.
Other psychedelics to be aware of
Mixing alcohol with other psychedelics, such as LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide) or DMT (N,N-dimethyltryptamine), can also be risky. LSD and DMT are both powerful psychedelics that can produce profound alterations in perception, cognition, and consciousness.
Similar to the combination with shrooms, these combinations can amplify the intensity of the psychedelic experience and increase the risks associated with both substances. It is crucial to approach any combination of substances with caution and be aware of the potential risks involved.
Mixing alcohol and medical mushrooms is a combination that should be approached with caution. The effects can be unpredictable and potentially dangerous. It is advisable to avoid combining these substances to minimize the risks involved.
- The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration. Psilocybin.
- Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology. Harm potential of magic mushroom use: A review.
- Handbook of clinical neurology. Alcohol: intoxication and poisoning - diagnosis and treatment.
- Molecules. The Therapeutic Potential of Psilocybin.