As people age, the need for care and assistance increases, and many individuals require more help than their loved ones can provide. Assisted living facilities offer a supportive environment for seniors who need help with daily activities, such as bathing, dressing, medication management, and meals. However, many families aren't sure if Medicare will cover the costs associated with assisted living.
Medicare does not cover most of the costs of assisted living.
Medicare Advantage plans may cover some services offered in assisted living facilities.
Medicare may cover certain medical services and equipment for individuals in assisted living.
Alternative ways to pay for assisted living include long-term care insurance, Medicaid, and personal funds.
In this article, we will explore Medicare coverage for assisted living, what it does and does not cover, and alternative ways to pay for these services.
What is assisted living?
Assisted living facilities offer a valuable service to seniors who require assistance with daily activities but do not need the intensive medical care provided in a nursing home. These facilities offer a supportive and safe environment allowing residents to maintain their independence and quality of life while receiving the assistance they need.
Assisted living facilities offer various services, including meals, housekeeping, medication management, and personal care services, such as bathing, dressing, and grooming. Residents may also have access to various social activities and amenities, such as fitness centers, libraries, and beauty salons.
A difference between assisted living facilities and nursing homes is the level of independence. In assisted living facilities, residents typically have private apartments or living spaces and can come and go as they, please. They can maintain greater autonomy and privacy while still receiving assistance with daily activities as needed.
Medicare coverage for assisted living facilities and services
While Medicare is a comprehensive health insurance program, it does not typically cover assisted living costs. Medicare does not consider assisted living a medical necessity and does not cover the costs associated with these services.
However, Medicare may cover certain medical services and equipment for individuals in assisted living facilities. For example, Medicare Part B may cover doctor visits, lab tests, and other medical services that are medically necessary. Additionally, if a resident requires durable medical equipment, such as a wheelchair or hospital bed, Medicare Part B may cover some of these costs.
Medicare may cover some medical services and equipment it does not cover the costs of room and board, personal care services, or other non-medical services provided in assisted living facilities.
Original Medicare, or Parts A and B, covers medical services such as hospital stays and doctor visits but not the costs of assisted living. However, certain medical services required by those living in assisted living facilities, such as physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy, may be covered by Medicare Original. It's important to note that Medicare Original does not cover non-medical services or room and board in assisted living facilities, meaning patients must seek alternative funding sources.
Medicare Advantage plans cover services provided under Original Medicare and additional benefits and services. Some Medicare Advantage plans may present coverage for services offered in assisted living facilities, such as personal care, transportation, and housekeeping. However, the coverage and availability of these benefits may vary depending on the specific plan and insurance provider.
Reviewing the plan details is essential to understand what is and isn't covered. While Medicare Advantage plans may offer more comprehensive coverage than Medicare Original, they may also have higher out-of-pocket costs and restrictions on choosing healthcare providers.
Medicare supplement plans for assisted living
Medicare Supplement Plans, also known as Medigap plans, are offered by private insurance companies to supplement Original Medicare coverage. While these plans do not typically cover assisted living costs, they can help with out-of-pocket expenses, such as copayments, deductibles, and coinsurance for Medicare-covered services. Some plans may offer additional benefits, such as coverage for skilled nursing care or home health services.
It's important to carefully review plan benefits, costs, availability, and individual circumstances when considering a Medicare Supplement Plan. Consulting with a licensed insurance agent can determine the best plan for one's needs.
What Medicare does not cover for assisted living
While Medicare may cover certain medical services and equipment for individuals living in assisted living facilities, it does not cover non-medical services such as room and board, personal care, housekeeping, and transportation. Assistance with activities of daily living and maintaining a safe living environment are services considered custodial care.
Individuals who require assistance with activities of daily living can pay out-of-pocket or seek alternative funding sources. Some individuals may be able to use long-term care insurance or Medicaid to help cover these costs, but not everyone may be eligible.
Carefully consider the costs and coverage options when choosing an assisted living facility and planning for long-term care needs. Consulting with a financial advisor or elder law attorney can also help navigate the complex landscape of long-term care financing options.
Does Medicare pay assisted living for dementia?
Medicare does not cover long-term care services, such as room and board, personal care services, or custodial care, which are often necessary for individuals with dementia who reside in assisted living facilities. However, some Medicare Advantage plans may offer additional benefits and services to help cover some of these costs.
Individuals with dementia may also be eligible for Medicaid, a joint federal and state program that helps individuals with low income and limited resources pay for healthcare costs. Medicaid may cover some of the costs associated with assisted living for individuals with dementia, including room and board and personal care services. However, eligibility requirements and covered benefits can vary by state, so it's vital to consult with a Medicaid representative or an elder law attorney to determine eligibility and options for coverage.
Assisted living costs covered by Medicare
Medicare does not typically cover the costs of assisted living. Still, certain medical services and equipment may be covered for individuals residing in assisted living facilities. These services can include medically necessary physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy, which can help improve mobility and function. Medicare may also cover medical equipment such as wheelchairs, walkers, and medications prescribed by a doctor.
Medicare's coverage of these services is based on medical necessity and must be ordered by a doctor or other healthcare provider. Additionally, Medicare coverage for these services may be limited or subject to certain restrictions, such as caps on the number of therapy visits per year. It's recommended that individuals check with their healthcare providers and insurance companies to determine the specific coverage available to them.
How else can you pay for assisted living?
Aside from Medicare, several other options are available to pay for assisted living. Long-term care insurance is a popular option for many individuals as it can help cover the costs of long-term care services, including assisted living.
Medicaid is another option that provides health coverage to individuals with low income and limited resources. However, Medicaid eligibility requirements vary by state, so it's important to check with your state's Medicaid office to see if you qualify.
Personal funds are another way to pay for assisted living, though this can be a significant financial burden. Consider the cost of assisted living when planning for retirement and explore other options for paying for long-term care services.
How much does assisted living cost?
The cost of assisted living varies depending on several factors, including the facility’s location, the level of care required, and the amenities offered. According to Genworth's 2021 Cost of Care Survey, the national median monthly cost for assisted living is $4,300.
Does Medicare Part B pay for assisted living?
Medicare Part B, which covers outpatient services, does not cover the cost of assisted living. However, certain medical services provided in assisted living facilities, such as physical, occupational, and speech therapy, may be covered by Medicare Part B. Additionally, Medicare Part B may cover medical equipment such as wheelchairs and walkers necessary for assisted living individuals.
How much does Medicare pay for assisted living?
Medicare does not typically pay for assisted living costs. However, certain medically necessary therapies and medical equipment may be covered under Medicare Part B for individuals in assisted living facilities. The amount Medicare pays for these services and equipment depends on various factors, including the type of service or equipment, the individual's plan coverage, and the provider's charges.