Defensiveness is a human characteristic that is designed to protect us from getting hurt. However, when a person becomes overly defensive, it can be a real problem in relationships. This defense mechanism is a complex mix of emotions and responses that can negatively impact both personal and professional relationships.
Being defensive in relationships is a protective tactic used to keep someone safe from emotional harm. It can arise from past experiences of being criticized or hurt and it acts as a shield when we feel threatened.
People can become aware of their defensiveness by observing signs like shifting blame, having difficulty taking feedback, overreacting to perceived threats, avoiding tough conversations, over-explaining, and being argumentative.
Long-term defensive behavior can strain relationships and limit personal growth opportunities.
Overcoming defensiveness involves developing self-awareness, being open to feedback, practicing empathy, pausing to reflect before responding, and seeking professional guidance.
In order to better understand defensiveness, we will examine its causes and effects. We will discuss how defensiveness affects relationships and also provide practical techniques for ways to manage it, as well as strategies for improving communication with a defensive partner.
Why people get defensive in relationships?
There are numerous underlying reasons for defensiveness in relationships. When people feel criticized, attacked, or threatened, they can find themselves responding defensively as a way of shielding themselves from emotional harm. This may result from abusive, critical, or hostile childhood experiences, which can build a strong defensive mechanism that will be detrimental to their relationships.
If a person is very insecure about themselves and their abilities, it can also play a role, leading the person to interpret any imagined criticism or slightly negative comments as threats, which can trigger an overly defensive response.
Communication styles may also be a factor, as they can affect how defensive someone feels. Overly defensive people sometimes have developed habits that exacerbate their defensiveness, such as responding with harsh criticism or attempting to justify their behavior.
7 signs of being overly defensive
The first step toward fostering healthier relationships is recognizing the signs of defensiveness. Here are seven key indicators of defensive behavior:
- Shifting responsibility or pointing fingers when faced with problems is a common sign of defensiveness. The defensive person will shift the blame away from themselves.
- Struggling to accept constructive criticism or responding defensively to suggestions is another indicator. This behavior can hinder open communication and growth.
- Reacting strongly to situations or comments perceived as threats is a defensive response. Even when not under actual threat, these reactions can strain relationships.
- Consistently avoiding uncomfortable conversations is a common tactic. It prevents addressing issues directly, leading to unresolved tensions.
- Frequently feeling the need to explain actions or decisions, even when not prompted. This may arise from a desire to protect oneself from perceived judgment.
- Elevating minor disagreements into major conflicts as a means of self-protection. It can create unnecessary strife in relationships.
- Finding it challenging to accept compliments or downplaying them is also a sign of defensiveness. Such responses can hinder the acceptance of positive feedback.
Is defensiveness a personality disorder?
Defensiveness is not a personality disorder but rather a common behavioral response in individuals when they perceive criticism, threat, or vulnerability. While it is a natural protective mechanism, persistent and extreme defensiveness can negatively impact relationships and communication.
Personality disorders, on the other hand, are enduring patterns of behavior, cognition, and inner experience that deviate significantly from what we expect as normal. In psychological diagnostic manuals, defensiveness is not listed as a separate personality disorder.
Consequences of defensive behavior
Defensive behavior can put a lot of pressure on relationships. When a person is consistently defensive it disrupts normal relaxed communication, leaving friends or colleagues feeling frustrated when they are met with denial or blame.
This erosion of trust can perpetuate misunderstandings and bring about conflicts and aggression. Being overly defensive often results in the avoidance of difficult conversations and the projection of insecurities onto others, which will stop any sign of resolving the conflict and will ultimately allow tensions to simmer beneath the surface.
Over time, this strain on relationships makes it really difficult to establish and sustain a healthy normal relationship, as the person on the receiving end of defensiveness becomes reluctant to share their thoughts and feelings, fearing an aggressive and defensive response.
The different types of defensive behavior
When someone feels defensive, it may cause them to act in a number of ways, each of which acts as a separate defense mechanism against perceived threats or criticism. These are some of the most typical protective reactions:
- Denial is a form of defensiveness where individuals unconsciously refuse to acknowledge a problem's existence or their role in it to avoid addressing it directly.
- Blaming involves shifting responsibility onto others and deflecting blame away from oneself to protect their self-image.
- Avoidance is a defensive strategy used to sidestep challenging conversations, topics, or situations temporarily, avoiding addressing underlying conflicts directly.
- Projection is when individuals project their insecurities or negative qualities onto others, diverting attention from their vulnerabilities.
- Rationalization includes offering justifications, often weak or implausible ones, to escape admitting wrongdoing or mistakes and protect their self-esteem.
- Minimization is when individuals downplay the significance of a situation or its impact on others, deflecting responsibility and reducing their perceived role in a problem.
- Passive aggression involves indirectly conveying displeasure or frustration as a means to avoid direct confrontation rather than openly expressing feelings or concerns.
How to become less defensive
Wanting to address your defensiveness is commendable, and it often begins with recognizing its presence in your responses. To overcome defensiveness, start by acknowledging it honestly and understanding its impact on yourself and others. Here are five key strategies to achieve this:
- Self-awareness. Start by recognizing your defensive behaviors and their triggers. This awareness is the first step toward change.
- Accept feedback. Be open to constructive criticism and consider it an opportunity for personal growth rather than a threat.
- Practice empathy. Imagine how the other person feels in order to appreciate their perspective and emotions.
- Breathe and reflect. When you feel defensive, take a deep breath and pause before responding. This allows you to gather your thoughts and respond more thoughtfully.
- Seek help. Consider seeking support from a therapist or counselor who can provide guidance and techniques for managing defensiveness effectively.
How to support a person who is overly defensive
Supporting a person who tends to be overly defensive involves several essential strategies:
- Create a comfortable and secure setting for open conversations. Choosing the right time and place can make all the difference, ensuring that the environment encourages a constructive exchange.
- Not confrontational communication. During these discussions, use "I" statements to express your thoughts and feelings. This approach helps maintain a non-confrontational tone as you focus on sharing your perspective rather than laying blame. Instead of approaching the conversation with judgment, strive for a deep understanding of their point of view.
- Being vulnerable. An effective strategy is to encourage self-reflection. Ask open-ended questions that allow them to explore their feelings and reactions. This approach helps them gain insights into their behavior and the reasons behind it. Remember to offer a listening ear and validate their emotions. This validation creates a safe space for them to embrace vulnerability, which is crucial for personal growth.
- Gentle feedback. When it comes to giving feedback, do so gently and constructively. Emphasize the potential for growth and personal development rather than resorting to criticism. Positive reinforcement is vital; celebrate any progress, no matter how small. Recognizing these steps reinforces positive change and motivates further improvement.
- Empathy and support. Through consistent application of empathy and support, a person who struggles with defensiveness can embark on a transformative journey toward enhanced self-awareness and more constructive interactions with others. These efforts not only benefit them individually but also serve to strengthen their relationships with those around them. It's a compassionate and gradual process, allowing for significant personal growth and healthier connections.
In conclusion, while defensive behavior can pose challenges in relationships, it is possible to overcome it. Recognizing the signs of defensiveness, both in oneself and others, is the initial step toward more constructive interactions. When you are open and non-defensive it will strengthen your connections and create opportunities for growth, as well as developing healthier and more harmonious relationships. It's essential to keep in mind that change is achievable, and it all starts with gaining insight and working on self-improvement.
- Journal of Management Education. Understanding and Reducing the Impact of Defensiveness on Management Learning: Some Lessons From Neuroscience.
- Communication Monographs. The Creation of Defensiveness in Social Interaction II: A Model of Defensive Communication among Romantic Couples.
- Journal of Social Work Practice. Understanding defences and defensiveness in social work.