Tips on How to Stop Overthinking

In this era of technology filled with distractions and stress, it is not uncommon to find your mind racing with a relentless stream of intrusive thoughts. Not being able to silence this constant internal dialogue can cause a person a lot of psychological discomfort and distress. Therefore, it is crucial to understand how to regulate these thoughts so that you don't find yourself stuck in the downward spiral of overthinking. This critical skill can lead to improved mental and emotional well-being.

What is overthinking?

Overthinking is a cognitive process defined by an excessive and repetitive thinking pattern concerning a specific topic or event. It includes dwelling persistently over what has happened in the past, worrying about what might transpire in the future, or even agonizing over every minute aspect of an event until the point of exhaustion. Overthinkers can often get caught up in a cycle of negative thinking processes where they constantly doubt themselves and become overly anxious.

This can, in the end, obstruct their decision-making as well as problem-solving abilities. Although occasional overthinking can be a normal tendency that everyone experiences once in a while, chronic cases can become problematic, affecting decision-making, work performance, and general well-being. It becomes a vicious cycle of negative thoughts as the more one thinks too much, the more difficult it is to break free from the repetitive thought pattern and achieve mental wellness.

How to stop overthinking

Overthinking may seem like a never-ending cycle, but it does not have to rule your life. If you can learn to recognize the signs, and what is causing them, then you can begin to regain some control. The solution is to break the chain of thoughts and redirect the mind towards the present moment. This entails a range of techniques to reduce overthinking and strategies that may help in managing both the psychological and physiological aspects of overthinking.

Below are some ideas on how to stop ruminating thoughts and achieve a more relaxed and focused state of mind.

How do i stop overthinking

Limiting information intake

In a situation where you find yourself overwhelmed by information, make an effort to avoid the sources that provide fuel to your anxiety. This may include cutting down on the time spent on news websites and social media platforms or refraining from discussing topics that lead to negative thinking spirals. Choose the information you consume wisely to prioritize positive and inspiring content as much as possible.

Distracting yourself

Participate in tasks that will hold your attention and demand your focus. Engage in a pastime, surround yourself with family and friends, get some exercise, or do anything that is truly enjoyable. Refocusing the mind can be a powerful way to find some relief from the cycle of negative thinking.

Grounding technique

Overthinking can be combated through a simple, 5-4-3-2-1 grounding technique that enables one to be mindful of the present. To do this, identify five things you can see and take time to observe every little detail. Similarly, acknowledge four things you can touch and pay attention to their textures. Now try and tune into three sounds you can hear; followed by two things that you can smell. Then to finish, bring your focus onto one thing you can taste. This exercise takes your attention off your racing mind by focusing on things you can see, touch, hear, smell, or taste and brings a sense of stillness and calmness.

Focusing on the present

Involve yourself in activities that demand your full attention and keep you present and focused. Be it enjoying a sumptuous meal, listening to an enthralling song, or taking a walk outside in nature, focus on the experience that is unfolding before you. When you immerse yourself in the present moment, it will help you disrupt the cycle of overthinking.

Using mental health apps

Take advantage of the various mental health apps available that can be used for meditation guides, mindfulness training, and cognitive behavioral techniques to stop ruminating. Use these tools to help you adopt healthier thought processes and coping mechanisms.

Letting go

Accept that you cannot control everything or predict every single turn life will take. Practice stress management and let go of your need for certainty and ultimate control. Embrace the unknown instead and have confidence and trust in your ability to adapt and deal with any sudden challenges that arise.

Reframing thoughts

Challenge negativity or unhelpful thinking by consciously selecting more encouraging or realistic perspectives. When you realize that you are continually playing out worst-case scenarios in your mind, actively seek out some other interpretations instead of them. Concentrate on possible solutions while seeing challenges as stepping stones towards a brighter future for yourself.

Cognitive behavioral therapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a well-established form of psychotherapy that aims to help learners identify and challenge negative thought patterns. By acknowledging cognitive distortions like catastrophic thinking or all-or-nothing thinking, you learn how to replace these thoughts with more balanced and realistic thoughts. To learn these techniques, it is advisable to consider talking to a therapist or finding some self-help resources on CBT techniques.

Progressive muscle relaxation

Progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) is a relaxation technique where body muscles are systematically tensed and then relaxed to reduce tension and promote relaxation. Find a quiet, comfortable place to begin with; 5–10 seconds of muscle tensing should begin with your feet, then release for 15–20 seconds as you become aware of the difference. Slowly move upwards through your body, tensing and releasing each muscle group, from your calves to your thighs, abdomen, back, chest, arms, hands, neck, and finally your face.

The more you practice this technique, the more it will help you become aware of physical tension and you will develop the ability to release it on demand, thereby reducing stress and promoting a calmer mind.


Writing can be extremely helpful in the battle against overthinking. Write down your thoughts and feelings that may help you untangle the knots in your mind and bring about more clarity. When you journal, you can identify the root patterns of overthinking, as well as its causes and triggers. By putting your thoughts on paper, you allow for introspection and self-discovery, giving insights that would otherwise be lost in the maze of thoughts.

Engaging in physical activities

A good remedy against overthinking is to become more physically active. Exercises have a way of releasing endorphins, which are natural mood enhancers that reduce stress and anxiety. Find things you like; that could be dancing, swimming, hiking, or yoga classes — whatever you enjoy the most.

Practicing self-compassion

Be as compassionate with yourself as you would be with your best friend. Instead of putting yourself down for being an overthinker, acknowledge these struggles in life with compassion and empathy. It is important to keep in mind that everyone has difficulties and problems, and it is normal to be less than perfect. Encourage yourself with kind words as you work on calming your mind.

Common signs and dangers of overthinking

Overthinking can manifest in a range of different ways, and here are some common signs:

  • Difficulty sleeping. Overthinking results in excessive thinking, racing thoughts and worry, causing difficulties in trying to have a good night’s sleep.
  • Analysis paralysis. Overthinkers have a difficult time in decision-making because they consider all the possibilities and all the things that could go wrong.
  • Dwelling on the past or worrying about the future. Overthinking can be described as being consumed with thoughts about what may have happened in the past or what might happen in the future.
  • Physical symptoms. Some of the physical symptoms of overthinking include headaches, stomach problems, and muscle tension.
  • Second-guessing yourself. It is common for overthinkers to have a tendency to question their decisions and actions even after they have been made.
  • Difficulty enjoying the present moment. It is a state that can hinder one’s ability to be present and get fully involved in activities because the mind is constantly filled with anxiety or concerned thoughts.

Why do people overthink?

Psychological, emotional, and situational factors are the primary influences behind most cases of overthinking. Stress and anxiety may lead to overthinking because people attempt to control and anticipate events and their consequences. Perfectionism and fear of failure can also give rise to excessive rumination since people try to make perfect decisions and avoid making mistakes.

Negative past events such as traumas can lead to overthinking as people replay the old scenarios in their minds, seeking explanations or different outcomes. Also, personality characteristics such as neuroticism and low self-esteem make the person prone to overthinking because they can be more prone to self-doubt and negative thinking.

When to seek professional help?

While occasional overthinking is normal, chronic and excessive overthinking that has a major impact on your everyday life may necessitate professional assistance. If you find that it leads to overwhelming sadness or negative emotions, social withdrawal, or maladaptive coping mechanisms, then consider consulting a mental health expert.

It is also imperative that you consult a professional if you begin to experience any thoughts of self-harm, suicide, extreme anxiety, or panic attacks. A therapist can provide a comprehensive assessment, diagnosis, and individualized treatment plan. It may include therapy and medication to treat any underlying mental health conditions potentially contributing to the problem and enable the person to regain control of their life.


Key takeaways:

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Leonard Mosala
prefix 8 months ago
The practical methods of dealing with over thinking are excellent and simplefied. Very helpful article.
prefix 9 months ago
I do find this article useful, many thanks for sharing 👍
prefix 9 months ago
A girl
prefix 9 months ago
Sometimes, overthinking could be due to lack of a chemical in the brain. Maybe it is good to see a doctor or use a drug.
prefix 9 months ago
Good read
prefix 9 months ago
Leocardia Byenkya
prefix 9 months ago
This is really good for making my lifestyle easier but thinking positively and making my life easier.
I have learnt that over thinking has no gain in my life instead it brings sadness and disease. Many diseases like stomach ulcers and high blood pressure, diabetes are commonly caused by overthinking!
Thank you for sharing
prefix 9 months ago
This is an excellent article..Been looking for something like this in a very long time..Thank you
Reza alihosseyni
prefix 9 months ago
Thanks to the author for good, scientific and helpful article.
Sarah Barango
prefix 9 months ago
Thank you for this.
J M Horton
prefix 9 months ago
How desperate for anyone to help uou all with the answers. Poor, at best.
prefix 9 months ago
Excellent article. I will put these techniques to use for my overthinking re: work issues causing me daily distress. Thank you thank you thank you! I was not familiar with CBT but will now look it up further.
Geraldine Andrews
prefix 8 months ago
I really need help with over thinking it's destroying my life I can't sleep focus everything I over think my relationships with my children is falling apart I need help please