Plastic surgery has become increasingly popular in recent years, offering individuals the opportunity to enhance their appearance and boost self-confidence. While the physical transformations can be remarkable, it is crucial to acknowledge the potential impact of plastic surgery on mental health. Throughout this article, we'll explore the effects of plastic surgery on mental well-being and provide practical tips to minimize any negative consequences of plastic surgery on mental health.
Plastic surgery can have an impact on mental health, potentially increasing symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), depression, and anxiety.
Individuals with a history of mental health disorders such as depression and body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) are at a higher risk of experiencing symptoms of mental distress following a plastic surgery procedure.
It's important to seek professional help if you experience prolonged negative emotions or difficulties in coping mentally after a cosmetic surgery procedure.
It is important to set realistic expectations for your results, maintain open communication with your doctor, and prioritize self-care to manage your mental health before, during, and after a plastic surgery procedure.
Increased symptoms of mental distress after surgery
While most people undergo plastic surgery in the hopes of increasing their self-esteem, there is a dark side to the impacts of plastic surgery on mental health and well-being. While research shows that many who undergo plastic surgery experience improved mental outcomes post-procedure, it has also been discovered that undergoing plastic surgery can sometimes exacerbate symptoms of existing mental health conditions or trigger new ones.
Individuals may experience increased levels of symptoms associated with mental health disorders such as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), depression, and anxiety due to various factors such as unrealistic expectations, body dysmorphia, post-operative dissatisfaction, or social pressures.
It’s important to note that symptoms of mental distress may be present before a person elects to have cosmetic surgery, and it is sometimes these feelings that prompt a person to decide to physically alter their appearance. While this can sometimes help a person feel better about themselves, there are times when it can make a person feel worse. Not every surgery procedure produces successful outcomes, and there are also cases in which an underlying mental health condition can cause a person to feel worse after the procedure, regardless of whether or not they receive a botched surgery.
Who is at risk of mental health issues after plastic surgery?
While anyone considering plastic surgery may be vulnerable to mental health impacts, certain individuals may be at higher risk. Those with a history of mental health disorders or a tendency to obsess over physical appearance are more likely to experience adverse psychological effects. Additionally, those who lack a strong support system or have unrealistic expectations about the outcomes may also be at risk.
It's important to do thorough research before undergoing a cosmetic procedure to ensure that the surgeon is competent and less likely to botch the surgery. Those with body dysmorphia or a negative body image are at a greater risk of experiencing distress because they already have a distorted view of how they look, and surgery is not a way to fix that. Seeking the help of a trained, licensed mental health practitioner is the best way to combat these feelings, as opposed to having surgery, as the issue is rooted in the mind.
Those who have personality disorders or a history of depression or anxiety are also at a higher risk, as having surgery can be a traumatizing experience, and the downtime required while the body heals can feed feelings of depression and anxiety due to a lack of physical activity or going out in public, as well as seeing oneself look worse before healing and ultimately looking better, supposing the surgery is a success.
When to seek professional help
It is essential to recognize when professional help is necessary to address the mental health challenges associated with plastic surgery. The best line of defense is to seek out the help of a licensed mental health professional before deciding to undergo a cosmetic procedure. This can help a person to prepare for what the experience will entail from a realistic lens, and learn ways to accept themselves as they are without the need for surgery.
If mental health symptoms persist after undergoing a cosmetic procedure, it's important to seek assistance from a mental health professional if you experience prolonged feelings of sadness, anxiety, or dissatisfaction with the results of the surgery. Other signs may include difficulty coping with daily life, significant changes in appetite or sleep patterns, a consistent negative body image, an obsession with one's appearance, and strained relationships with loved ones.
Tips for minimizing the impact of plastic surgery on mental health
Should you decide that plastic surgery is the right decision for you, there are some ways to help prevent any symptoms of mental distress from appearing post procedure with or without the help of a trained, licensed mental health professional.
- Set realistic expectations. Understand that plastic surgery can enhance appearance, but it may not completely eliminate all insecurities or solve deeper emotional issues.
- Consult a qualified surgeon. Choose a reputable plastic surgeon who prioritizes patient well-being and provides thorough preoperative counseling. If you do not feel comfortable with the surgeon, do not trust them with your appearance and, ultimately, your life by allowing them to operate on you.
- Communicate openly. Share your concerns, expectations, and anxieties with your surgeon, ensuring they understand your desired outcome. You may also want to speak with a mental health practitioner to ensure you have the right mindset going into the procedure and have realistic expectations and are not trying to fix a somatic issue by undergoing surgery.
- Educate yourself. Gain a comprehensive understanding of the procedure, potential risks, recovery process, and realistic outcomes. This knowledge can alleviate anxiety and help you make informed decisions. It may also help to speak with someone who has undergone the procedure that you're considering.
- Lean on your support system. Surround yourself with supportive friends, family, or support groups who can offer emotional support and reassurance during the pre- and post-operative phases.
- Prioritize self-care and stress management. Prioritize self-care activities such as exercise, meditation, and engaging in hobbies to manage stress and promote overall well-being. Remember to be kind to yourself before, during, and after any procedures. There are a variety of mental health apps available that can help facilitate self-care and stress management for those who are not well-versed in their daily applications.
- Practice patience during recovery. Understand that the recovery process takes time, and visible results may not be immediate. Patience can help minimize feelings of disappointment or dissatisfaction that can exacerbate feelings of depression and anxiety.
Risks associated with a mental health condition
The risks that are associated with experiencing a mental health condition vary depending on each individual, the mental health condition they are experiencing, and how the symptoms impact them. If you or a loved one are experiencing symptoms of a mental health condition, it's important to speak to a licensed doctor, psychiatrist, or mental health practitioner to discuss the symptoms you are having and intervene.
Typically, when experiencing symptoms of depression or anxiety, a healthcare professional will recommend the combination of therapy with medication, as the combination of the two has been shown to be most effective in treating the symptoms. Those who are experiencing body dysmorphia are also advised to seek therapy and may be given medication, depending on their symptoms.
Not everyone will experience the same set of symptoms for depression or anxiety, as there are various forms of each, so it's best to educate yourself and your loved one on the general signs and symptoms, and not hesitate to seek the help of a mental health professional if you notice anything out of the norm.
Signs you or a loved one may be experiencing a mental health condition
While the signs and symptoms of mental health conditions are vast and can vary, even from one individual to the next, there are some general signs and symptoms that may indicate an underlying mental health issue. Should you or a loved one experience any of the following, it's important to seek the care of a licensed mental health professional immediately:
- Changes in eating/sleeping
- Persistent feelings of sadness or gloominess
- Delusional thinking
- Negative self-talk and thought patterns
- Issues with interpersonal relationships
- Sudden decline in school or work performance
- Self-isolating or avoidant behaviors
- Addictive or self-medicating behaviors
- Lack of energy or motivation
- Difficulty focusing or brain fog
- Lack of sex drive
- Mood changes
- Risky or compulsive behaviors
- Self-harm or harm to others
While plastic surgery can provide physical enhancements and improved self-esteem, it is essential to consider the potential impact on mental health and the way it may promote a negative body image in society. By setting realistic expectations, seeking professional help when needed, and implementing self-care strategies, you can minimize the negative consequences of plastic surgery on your well-being.
Remember, prioritizing mental health is crucial for achieving long-term satisfaction and overall happiness. When it comes to treating any mental or physical conditions, it's important to remember that sometimes things get worse before they get better as it relates to both the mental and physical healing process.
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- Aesthetic Plastic Surgery. Psychosocial Predictors, Assessment, and Outcomes of Cosmetic Procedures: A Systematic Rapid Evidence Assessment.
- American Psychological Association. Beauty matters: Psychological features of surgical and nonsurgical cosmetic procedures.
Show all references
- Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive, and Aesthetic Surgery. The effects of cosmetic surgery on body image, self-esteem, and psychological problems.
- Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Psychosocial Changes After Plastic Surgery: A 5-Year Follow-up Study.