The Biden Administration's Novel AI Executive Order

On October 30, President Biden gave the nation's top health authorities instructions to create a strategy for regulating artificial intelligence systems that are currently extensively used in healthcare organizations, insurance providers, and hospitals.

The Department of Health & Human Services is required under the order to set up a safety program to accept reports of harmful effects and hazardous practices associated with artificial intelligence (AI) and to take appropriate measures to address them.

The rule was part of a broader White House directive that set rules for applying artificial intelligence in government.

My Administration places the highest urgency on governing the development and use of AI safely and responsibly and is therefore advancing a coordinated, Federal Government-wide approach to doing so. The rapid speed at which AI capabilities are advancing compels the United States to lead in this moment for the sake of our security, economy, and society.

- President Biden

Like other industries, the healthcare sector is trying to find a balance between supporting innovation that might help customers and limiting the hazards associated with AI, which is why Biden's directive aims to do both.

One of the biggest healthcare companies in the world, Healthcare Corporation of America (HCA), has revealed that it will utilize generative AI to enhance its care delivery models.

According to the release, HCA began a pilot program earlier this year. About 75 emergency room doctors at four HCA hospitals used Google's artificial intelligence (AI) technology to rapidly and efficiently record crucial medical information from talks during patient visits.

Using the Augmedix app, physicians may quickly and correctly produce medical notes as part of the pilot program. The data is then converted into medical notes by the proprietary platform using speech-to-text processing, natural language processing, and generative AI technology from Google Cloud.

The physicians then examine and approve the notes before entering them into the hospital's electronic health record (EHR).

The Biden administration’s novel program calls for actions to counter harmful behaviors and discrimination in addition to instructing agencies to provide grants and other monies for research to support the use of AI in drug development and other disciplines.

A framework for regulating and overseeing the use of AI technologies in healthcare has already been created by the FDA. However, the agency is finding it challenging to stay up to date with the new applications and threats due to a combination of growing private sector investment and technological advancements.

The FDA added 171 devices to a public database and released a fresh accounting of AI technologies authorized for use in healthcare at the beginning of October. According to the research, there will be 30% more approved devices in 2023 than there were the year before.

Also on October 30, Karen B. DeSalvo, chief health officer of Google, spoke at Harvard Medical School as part of the 22nd annual Seidman Lecture about the future of healthcare and artificial intelligence.

DeSalvo's talk focused on her work at Google in addition to the advancements the firm is making in the fields of AI and healthcare, such as identifying user health needs, lowering obstacles to treatment, and developing solutions for caregivers.

For the first time in my lifetime, and largely because of AI, I think it’s possible to imagine democratizing health for everybody on the planet, no matter their address, the color of their skin, the kind of insurance they have, any other of their characteristics. And Google is certainly seeking to contribute to that.

- DeSalvo

She continued by discussing how AI may be used to allocate resources fairly to take care of patients' urgent needs.

DeSalvo concluded that there is a genuine chance for everyone to have access to healthcare. She noted that although AI has great promise for the healthcare industry, people will always be essential in the healthcare industry.

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