Scientists have created a unique measure to help healthcare professionals advise patients on using maternal medications, whether nursing or breastfeeding.
The first week of August means World Breastfeeding Week, created to celebrate and enhance mothers' and newborns' health and well-being. Breastfeeding mothers often get anxious about studying what they can and cannot do, especially when it comes to what medications are safe for their baby. Now, a new method could provide help to both mothers and their babies.
It is safe and sanitary, containing antibodies that help avoid several common pediatric illnesses. Breastmilk meets a child's nutritional requirements for up to half or more of the second year of life and up to one-third of the first year, giving a baby all the energy and nutrients they require throughout the first few months of life.
Medical professionals advise against using medicines during nursing since the infant's safety is sometimes questioned. However, taking into account medication use while nursing might result in the mother stopping her essential pharmacological therapy or ending her breastfeeding.
According to lead author Cindy Yeung from the University of Waterloo, the omission of breastfeeding people and newborns from the drug development process has resulted in a vast knowledge vacuum that directly affects a vulnerable group.
Through a modeling called physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK), researchers can determine the amount of the medication in breast milk and whether it will be passed on to the baby by stimulating a virtual person. The Upper Area Under the Curve Ratio (UAR) measure considers essential elements that the existing metrics miss to identify risks to the nursing child, including the newborn's anatomy and physiology, age-related variations in the amount of breastmilk eaten, and variability in the infant's exposure.
Pharmacogenotype, a genetic variation that may affect the mother's or the baby's capacity to excrete the medication, is one cause of variation.
By incorporating the UAR measure into current informational resources, healthcare professionals will have more confidence to offer evidence-based recommendations on maternal drug usage, potentially directly influencing the quality of life for the mother and child as a whole.
Yeung concludes that the UAR metric employs an estimated drug dosage from breastmilk that is then delivered to fictitious children to evaluate possible drug exposures and to identify traits of those infants who may be more susceptible to high vulnerabilities. This advances research's knowledge of the reaction or potentially harmful consequences you could observe in newborns.
- Frontiers in Pediatrics. Addressing maternal medication use during breastfeeding using clinical resources and a novel physiologically based pharmacokinetic model-derived metric: A qualitative study.
- WHO. Breastfeeding.
- Johns Hopkins Medicine. Breast Milk Is Best.